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Diabetic eye disease

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 The diabetes has been identified as a major risk factor when suffering a series of eye diseases that receive the generic name of diabetic eye disease and some of which can lead to blindness. In fact, the eyes are, after the kidneys, the organs most affected by diabetes . Hence, compliance with treatment and adequate control of blood glucose levels is the best way to prevent them. The most frequent are the following: •Diabetic retinopathy: it is the most serious eye disease that diabetes can cause and is characterized by inflammation of the retina as a result of the weakening of the blood vessels that supply it due to the presence of high levels of glucose in the blood. This situation can cause fluid or blood to escape from these blood vessels, forming fibrous tissue that makes the image sent to the brain blurry. The existence of arterial hypertension favors its development. Sometimes this disease can cause a retinal detachment and as a result cause blindness. •Macular edema: it

Blood glucose levels

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 The sugars that are ingested with food are transformed by metabolism into glucose. This travels through the bloodstream to reach the cells of different types of tissue, providing the energy they need to function. The clearest example of this process is that of the muscle tissue, which needs this energy to make the effort required by each movement. When produced with the digestion of food, blood glucose levels, which are clinically called glycemia, vary throughout the day, ranging between concentrations of 70 and 145 milligrams per deciliter of blood. In the morning, they are lower on an empty stomach, rising after each meal (postprandial glycemia) and falling again two hours later. It is recommended that blood glucose be measured when you get up in the morning and before breakfast and it is considered normal if glucose levels are between 70 and 100 mg / dl on an empty stomach and less than 140 mg / dl two hours later. of each meal. Blood glucose disturbances When the insulin m

Capillary blood glucose

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 Capillary blood glucose is that which is measured by practicing a small prick of a finger to extract a drop of blood that is then placed on a test strip and analyzed using a glucometer. It is a system widely used by diabetic patients, both type 1 and type 2, to carry out daily self-monitoring of their blood glucose values at home. This daily check is carried out with a device known as a glucometer. The prick is done using a lancet or a special pen that contains a fine needle and it is also necessary to have the test strips, essential to complete the blood glucose measurement. It is recommended to carry out the capillary glycemic control test as soon as you get up, before having breakfast and then write down the value obtained in a notebook, although the glucometers have a memory in which the data of each measurement performed are stored. Write it down in a notebook, it allows to accompany the figures obtained by annotations referring to food, exercise, etc. In this way, the doct

Physical examination and auscultation

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 Ischemic heart disease is the disease caused by arteriosclerosis of the coronary arteries, that is, those responsible for providing blood to the heart muscle (myocardium). Coronary arteriosclerosis is a slow process of collagen formation and accumulation of lipids (fats) and inflammatory cells (lymphocytes). These three causes cause narrowing of the coronary arteries. This process begins in the first decades of life, but does not present symptoms until the coronary artery stenosis becomes so severe that it causes an imbalance between the oxygen supply to the myocardium and its needs. Causes Ischemic heart disease is a disease that can be significantly prevented, if you know and control your cardiovascular risk factors. The main ones are: •More prevalence in older people. •It occurs more in men, although the frequency in women is equal after menopause . •Family history of premature ischemic heart disease. •Increase in total cholesterol levels, especially LDL (bad). •D

Cardiology medical examination

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 The cardiological medical examination allows to know the state of the heart in particular and the circulatory system in general, in addition to evaluating the probabilities that a person suffers some type of cardiovascular disease based on the presence of the different risk factors already established: arterial hypertension , diabetes, high cholesterol, smoking and obesity. It is advisable for healthy people to undergo a cardiological medical examination on a regular basis from the age of 50, especially some of the risk factors associated with cardiovascular diseases are present. However, the cardiological medical examination is also carried out in people who already have heart disease or cardiovascular disease in order to assess their general condition and the degree of control of their disease acquired with the treatment General tests of the cardiology medical examination The cardiology medical examination includes, first of all, the performance of a series of tests aimed at

What Type Of HRT Is Right For You

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As a woman reaches menopause, the level of estrogen falls, bringing in bodily discomforts. The most common symptoms are vaginal dryness and hot flashes. This can cause pain during sexual intercourse and result in sweating excessively at night. Although the menopause is a normal biological process, hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is an effective way to suppress the worst of the symptoms. In some women, the symptoms do not visibly show and might go away without any form of therapy. However, if they cause unbearable discomfort, consider one of the following HRT procedures. They not only relieve pain but also bring down the hormonal imbalance in the body. Factors to Consider When Choosing an HRT to Use A woman’s body undergoes different changes when approaching menopause. HRT treatment aims to balance the hormones estrogen and progesterone. Others require supplementary sex hormones owing to the intensity of the symptoms. The following are some of the factors influencing the type of H

Side Effects of Medicenes for Older People.

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  Side Effects of Medicines for Older People. Unwanted or surprising symptoms or feelings that occur when you take medicine are known as facet outcomes. Side effects may be noticeably minor, which include a headache or a dry mouth. They can also be lifestyle-threatening, along with excessive bleeding or irreversible harm toward the liver-colored or kidneys. Medications' side belongings also can affect your driving.  Marketingmediaweb If you revel in side effects, write them down so you can document them to your physician accurately. Noise your health practitioner right away if you have any problems together with your drugs or in case you are worried that the medicine is probably doing extra harm than accurate. He or she may be able to trade your medicine to every other to work just as well. Generic or Brand Name–What's the Difference? Most every day and brand-name drugs act the same manner within the frame. They contain the same lively substances—the part of the drugs tha